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The Development of Training for nurses of Community through the Community Participation Approach

Asst. Prof. Dr. Nanthaphan Chinlumprasert presented research on “The Development of Training for nurses of Community through the Community Participation Approach” in the 1st International Nursing Research Conference of World of Nursing Science Towards Creating a New Domain of Nursing Knowledge, at Kobe International Exhibition Hall, Kobe Japan, During 19-20 September,2009.

The Development of Training Model for Nurses of Community Through the Community Participation Approach
Nanthaphan Chinlumprasert, Siriporn Poonruksa
Faculty of Nursing Science, Assumption University
The National Health Care Reform in Thailand reflects the increasing demand of nurses in the community healthcare settings. To secure the availability of manpower, local young people are targeted to be trained to serve their own community after graduation. This research aimed to develop training model for nurses of community (NOC), and to study the potential of local administration and community hospital in cooperation with nursing school to produce nurses who can work collaboratively and effectively with community people. Quantitative and qualitative research methods were applied. Data were initially collected using NOC survey form with staffs of 35 local administrations and nurses in the primary care unit of the three provinces in central region. Three local administrations were randomly selected for in-depth interview with key informants. Three exemplars of community health system which include environmental health, management of chronic illness in aged people, and prevention of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever were explored to evaluate the community potential, manpower policy, and existing practice systems. The finding were used as and input for designing training program which include six main systems: admission, curriculum management, local administration champion, school-hospital-community collaboration, competency development, and employment. The current nursing curriculum was tailored to meet the special requirement of this initiative and community context. Teaching and learning activities in community including the student mentoring system and instructor preparation were incorporated. The findings will be beneficial to the implementation step in NOC project and be a model for future development of nursing education that collaboratively tailored by community participation. The human protection protocol was approved to ensure voluntary participation, privacy, basic human right and dignity including risk and benefits of the participants in this study.

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